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2016年高考英语试题及答案解析-全国卷Ⅲ

2018-04-03麦兔教育网

绝密★启用前

68150016:40

2016年普通高等学校全国统一考试

英语

注意事项:

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后.将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

I

注意事项:

1.答第I卷前,考考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。

2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应的题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,在选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷,否则无效。

第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Opera at Music Hall1243 Elm Street.The season runs June through August,withadditional performances in March and September.The Opera honors enjoy the Artsmembershipdiscounts.Phone241-2742.

Chamber Orchestra: The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Streer, which offers several concerts from March through June.Call 723-1182 for more information. http:www.chamberoch.com.

SymphonyOrchestra: At Music Hall and Riverbend. For ticket sales, call 381-3300. Regular season runs September through May at Music Hall in summer at Riverbend.

College Conservatory of Music (CCM):Performances are onthemain campus(校园)ofthe university, usually at Patricia Cobbett Theater. CCM organizes a variety of events, including performances by the well-known Lasalle Quartet, CCM’s Philharmonic Orchestra, andvatiousgroups of musicianspresenting Baroque through modern music Students with ID card can attend the events for free. A free schedule of events for each term is available by calling the box office at 556-4183.

Riverbend Music Theater: 6295 Kellogg Ave. Large outdoor theater with the closest seats under cover (piecedifference).Big name shows all summer long! Phone:232-6220.

1·Whichnumber shouldyoucallifyouwanttosee opera?

A 241-2742B 723-1182

C 381-3300 D 232-6220

2When canyougotoaconcert byChamber Orchestra

AFebruary. B MayC AugustD November

3.Wherecanstudent go for free preformances with their ID cards?

A.MusicHallB .Memorial Hall

C.Patricia Cobbett TheaterD.RiverbendMusicTheater

4·How isRiverbend MusicTheaterdifferentfromtheotherplaces?

A.Ithas seatsintheopenair

BItgives shows allyear round

CItoffersmembership discounts.

DIt presentsfamousmusicalworks

B

On one of her trips to New York several years ago, Eudora Welty decided to take a couple of New York friends out to dinner. They settled in at a comfortable East Slide caféand within minutes, another customer was approaching their table.

“Hey, aren’t you from Mississippi?”the elegant, white-haired writer remembered being asked by the stranger. “I’m from Mississippi too.”

Without a second thought, the woman joined the Welty party. When her dinner partner showed up, she also pulled up a chair.

“They began telling me all the news ofMississippi,”Welty said.“I didn’t know what my New York friends were thinking.”

Taxis on a rainy New York night are rarer than sunshine. By the time the group got up to leave, it was pouring outside. Welty’s new friends immediately sent a waiter to find a cab. Heading back downtown toward her hotel, her big-city friends were amazed at the turn of events that had changed their Big Apple dinner into a Mississippi

“My friends said: ‘Now we believe your stories,’”Welty added. And I said:‘Now you know. These are the people that make me write them.’”

Sitting on a soda in her room, Welty, a slim figure in a simple gray dress, looked pleased with this explanation.

“I don’t make them up,”she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years.“I don’t have to.”

Beauticians, bartenders, piano players and people with purple hats, Welty’s people come from afternoons spent visiting with old friends, from walks through the streets of her native Jackson, Miss., from conversations overheard on a bus. It annoys Welty that, at 78, her left ear has now given out. Sometimes, sitting on a bus or a train, she hears only a fragment(片段) of a particularly interesting story.

5What happenedwhen Welty was with her friends at the cafe?

A.Two strangersjoined her

B.Her childhood friends came in

C.Aheavy rainruined the dinner.

DSome people held apartythere.

6 .The underlined word “them”in Paragraph 6 refers to Welty’s__

A.readersB parties C.friendsD stories

7.Whatcanwelearn aboutthecharactersinWelty’sfiction?

A.Theylivein bigcities

BTheyaremostlywomen

C.Theycomefrom reallife

DTheyare pleasure seekers

C

If you are a fruit grower or would like to become one take advantage of Apple Day to see what’s around. It’s called Apple Day but in practice it’s more like Apple Month. The day itself is on October 21, but since it has caught on, events now spread out over most of October around Britain.

Visiting an apple event is a good chance to see, and often taste, a wide variety of apples. To people who are used to the limited choice of apples such as Golden Delicious and Royal Gala in supermarkets, it can be quite an eye opener to see the range of classical apples still in existence, such as Decio which was grown by the Romans. Although it doesn’t taste of anything special, it’s still worth a try, as is the knobbly(多疙瘩的) Cat’s Head which is more of a curiosity than anything else.

There are also varieties developed to suitspecific local conditions. One of the very best varieties for eating quality is Orleans Reinette, but you’ll need a warm, sheltered place with perfect soil to grow it, so it’s a pipe dream for most apple lovers who fall for it.

At the events, you can meet expert growers and discuss which ones will best suit your conditions, and because these are family affairs, children are well catered for with apple-themed fun and games.www.gaosan.com

Apple Days are being held at all sorts of places with an interest in fruit,including stately gardens and commercial orchards(果园).If you want to have a real orchard experience, try visiting the National Fruit Collection at Brogdale,near Faversham in Kent.

8.What can people doattheapple events?

A .Attend experts’lectures.B .Visit fruit-loving families.

C .Plantfruittrees inan orchard.D. Tastemanykinds ofapples.

9.Whatcan welearnaboutDecio?

A.Itisanewvariety.B.It has a strangelook.

C. ItisrarelyseennowD.Ithas a specialtaste.

10.Whatdoestheunderlined phrase““a pipe dream””inParagraph 3mean?

A.Apracticalidea.B.A vain hope.

C.A brilliant plan.D.A selfish desire.

11.Whatisthe author’s purpose inwritingthetext?

A.To showhowto grow apples

B .Tointroducean applefestival.

C.Tohelppeople selectapples.

D.Topromoteapple research.

D

Bad news sells. If it bleeds, it leads. No news is good news, and good news is no news. Those are the classic rules for the evening broadcasts and the morning papers. But now that information is being spread and monitored(监控) in different ways, researchers are discovering new rules. By tracking people’s e-mails and online posts, scientists have found that good news can spread faster and farther than disasters and sob stories.

“The ‘if it bleeds’ rule works for mass media,” says Jonah Berger, a scholar at the University of Pennsylvania. “They want your eyeballs and don’t care how you’re feeling. But when you share a story with your friends, you care a lot more how they react. You don’t want them to think of you as a Debbie Downer.” zxx.k

Researchers analyzing word-of-mouth communication—e-mailsWeb posts and reviews, face-to-face conversations—found that it tended to be more positive than negative(消极的), but that didn’t necessarily mean people preferred positive news. Was positive news shared more often simply because people experienced more good things than bad things? To test for that possibility, Dr. Berger looked at how people spread a particular set of news stories: thousands of articles on The New York Times’ website. He and a Penn colleague analyzed the “most e-mailed” list for six months. One of his first finds was that articles in the science section were much more likely to make the list than non-science articles. He found that science amazed Times’ readers and made them want to share this positive feeling with others.

Readers also tended to share articles that were exciting or funny, or that inspired negative feelings like anger or anxiety, but not articles that left them merely sad. They needed to be aroused(激发) one way or the other, and they preferred good news to bad. The more positive an article, the more likely it was to be shared, as Dr. Berger explains in his new book, “Contagious: Why Things Catch On.” z.xxk

12 .Whatdothe classic rulesmentionedinthetext apply to?

A.News reportsB. Research papers

C .Private e-mallsD.Daily conversations

13.What canweinferaboutpeople like DebbieDowner?

A.They’re sociallyinactive

B.They’re good at telling stories

C. They’re inconsiderate ofothers

D.They’recarefulwiththeirwords.

14.Whichtendedtobethemost e-mailed accordingtoDr.Berger’s research?

A .Sports newB .Science articles

C.Personal accountsD. Financial reviews

15 .What canbea suitable title forthetext?

A.SadStoriesTravel FarWide

B .OnlineNewsAttractsMorePeople

C.ReadingHabitsChange withthe Times

D.GoodNewsBeatsBadon SocialNetworks

第二节 (5小题;每小题2分,满分10)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Everyone knows that fish is good for health.16But it seems that many people don’t cook fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t difficult.17This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way.

18Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh. 19When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you’d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don’tcook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two. Frozen fish isn’t as tasty as the fresh one.

Therearemanycommonmethodsusedtocookfish.20First,cleanitandseasonitwithyourchoiceofspices(料).Putthewholefishonaplateandsteamitinasteampotfor8to10minutesifitweighsaboutonepound.(Alargeronewilltakemoretime.)Then,it’sreadytoserve.

A.Donotbuyit.
B.Theeasiestistosteamit.
C.Thisishowyoucandoit.
D.Itjustrequiresalittleknowledge.
E.Thefishwillgobadwithinhours.
F.Whenbuyingfish,youshouldfirstsmellit.
G.Thefatsinfisharethoughtohelppreventheartdisease.

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

When I was13 my only purpose was to become the star on our football team.Thatmeant 21Miller King,who was the best 22 at our school.

Football season started in September and all summer long I worked out.I carried my football everywhere for 23.

Just before September,Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm.I went to see him after he come back from 24 .He looked very 25 ,but he didn`t cry.

That season,I 26 all of Miller`srecords while he 27 the home games from the bench.We went 10-1 and I was named most valuable player, 28 I often had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller`s 29 .

One afternoon,I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller 30 going over a fence—which wasn`t 31 to climb if you had both arms.I`m sure I was the last person in the world he wanted to accept 32 from.Buteven that chanlenge he accepted.I 33 him move slowly over the fence.When we were finally 34 on the other side,he said to me,”Youknow,I didn`t tell you this during the seanson,but you did 35 .Thank you for filling in for 36 .” z.x.x.k

His words freed me from my bad 37 .I thought to myself,how even without an arm he was more of a leader.Damaged but not defeated,he was 38 ahead of me. I was right to have 39 him.From that day onI grew 40 and a little more real.www.gaosan.com

21.A. Cheering for B.beating out C. relying on D.staying with

22.A.coachB.student C. teacher D.player

23.A.practice B. show C. comfort D.pleasure

24.A.school B. vacation C. hospital D.training

25.A. pale B. calm C. relaxed D.ashamed

26.A. held B. broke C. set D.tried

27.A.reportedB.judged C. organized D.watched

28.A.and B. then C. but D.thus

29.A. decision B. mistake C.accidentD.sacrifice

30.A.stuck B. hurt C. tried D.lost

31.A. steady B. hard C. fun D.fit

32.A.praise B. advice C. assistance D.apology

33.A.let B. helped C. had D.noticed

34.A. dropped B. ready C. trapped D.safe

35.A.fineB.wrong C. quickly D.normally

36.A. us B. yourself C. me D.them

37.A.memories B. ideas C. attitudes D.dreams

38.A.still B. also C. yet D.just

39.A. challenged B.cured C. invited D.admired

40.A.healthier B. bigger C. cleverer D.cooler

绝密★启用前

2016年普通高等学校全国统一考试(新课标全国卷III)

英语

II

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题;每小题15分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

In much of Asia,especially the so-called“rice bowl” cultures of China,Japan,Korea,41 Vietnam,food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

Chopsticks are usually two long,thin pieces of wood or bamboo.They can also be made of plastic,animal bone or metal.Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic.Truly elegant chopsticks might42 (make)of gold and silver with Chinese characters.Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal 43 (create)special designs.

The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years.People probably cooked their rood in large pots, 44 (use)twigs(树枝)to remove it.Over time,45 thepopulation grew,people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly.

Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which46 (gradual)turned into chopsticks.

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 46 (gradual)turned into chopsticks.

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius,47 lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C.,influenced the48 (develop)of chopsticks.Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 49 (be)too violent for use at the table.

Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia.In India,for example,most people traditionally eat 50

their hands.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The teenage year from 13to 19 were the most difficult time for me . They were also the best and worse years in my life . At the first,I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However,my parents didn’t seem to think such.They always tell me what to do and how to do it.At one time ,I ever felt my parents couldnt understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them.I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes.Now Iam leaving home to college.At last,I will be on my own,but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help. zxxk

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,与留学生朋友Bob约好一起去书店,因故不能赴约。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1.表示歉意

2.说明原因

3.另约时间

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。